2017 – Breakout Session #6: Modern Cinema and Future Perspectives

In this last breakout session we will examine the production mechanisms and characteristics of the post-modern, producer-driven cinema of today. Key words are High Concept and Pastiche, marketing is a major factor for lowering the financial risks of studio productions, may it be blockbusters or B-Movies. On the other hand, fringe film making is shifting to the internet. US cinema generates still high revenues worldwide, but has it kept topical and artistic variety? What can we expect from American movies in the future?


36 thoughts on “2017 – Breakout Session #6: Modern Cinema and Future Perspectives

  1. Film production and genre has changed throughout hollywoods history. This change is largely due to commodity culture. What commodity culture does is create a supply and demand for certain genres depending on what the culture is needing during that time. Although creating films for the general audience is important for large companies to produce large box office numbers, this generalization of interesr has in some ways caused producers to have less creative freedoms. Currently, the superhero genre has taken off due to the large interest in films like Avengers. This push for these types of movies leaves the box office pictures with limited choices for the viewers if they don’t prefer theses movies.

    So in many ways, by generalizing what the public wants due to increased sales in a certain subject, production companies are limiting the art of movie production that the viewers can see. This lack of information leads the audience to assume that this is what cinema is and should be yet there is so many artistic roots that cinema could potentially go down that aren’t being utilized due to unpopular interest. This lack of interest is due to commodity culture and what media and entertainment feeds the population to find important and interesting.

    I fear that in the future, the films will all look the same and small film companies will die out leaving us to only be able to see what is mass produced and carefully designed to market toward the companies interests. With the large separation between the bigger picture companies and the smaller companies, this gap can only get bigger in time and cause the smaller companies to lose popular interest and money.

    Like any art form, film making should be an expression in which can be shown to whoever is willing to see. The difficulty with film is that in order to see it you must have a theater willing to play it and an audience open minded enough to watch and actually pay to watch. Unlike art which will be on a material for as long as it can withhold, film doesn’t last as long and is more difficult and costly to show. Due to these factors, smaller companies have a hard time holding up against the larger companies or even being shown at a theater. Smaller companies are pushed to smaller theaters, reaching less people, and creating less interest.

    I currently went to the Tokyo Film Festival and was able to see a couple of films from small production companies. There was one film in particular that I was quite sad didn’t get the viewers and respect that a large motion picture would. The quality of the story in the film was much better then some of the recent block buster hits I’ve seen. It’s such a shame that a film that has such a good story and a great cast of actors (even though they may not have been famous) will only be seen by a handful of people who are interested in seeing small production films.


    1. I agree with most everything you expressed save for the part about big companies over shadowing smaller ones. This is the great thing about film is that it is very dynamic in the way things can be done. Couple this with ever cheaper equipment and a director who has a great idea and you get a very good movie with out all the super budget that goes along with the major Hollywood films. If we look at Saw for instance that was filmed almost entirely in one room and it was a smash hit. I believe that there will always be a place for smaller budget films in our time. Also we cannot forget the ever increasing trend of crowd sourcing which if employed right can easily create a budget that will allow for a higher production quality movie.


    2. I really like the points you are making about the saturation of box office films but I do not think it is as detrimental as you are saying. Not every film company can afford to make major motion pictures and movies of this cost are not something that you can easily gamble with new ideas. But we are constantly seeing experimentation even within the superhero movie genre. The recent smash hit Deadpool was the first rated R superhero movie which would have never been made if it was not for the efforts of Ryan Reynolds and Tim Miller basically forcing the movie to be made. This made way for other rated R superhero films such as another smash hit Logan. This is one evidence of a major film company creatively experimenting and gambling on a major motion picture. Marvel also made a huge risk by taking the relatively unknown comic Guardians of the Galaxy and giving it a huge budget just to see what happens. One reason the movie did so well was how unexpectedly good the movie was. Another major change that this film made was that instead of portraying superheroes as cool or dark characters they had a brighter and more comical story by having characters that at times were silly or straight up stupid. We can see this decision capturing the audiences attention again just last month with the release of the newest Thor film. Although I agree with your point on over saturation and loss of creativity due to major film companies…even if I am wrong I always take the opportunity to defend and validate the massive amount of superhero movies.


  2. It was interesting to see Karl’s chart of how much money different countries make in the film industry, ticket price in different countries, and the number of films different countries annually make. I didn’t know that India makes the biggest number of films in the world and also didn’t know that Nigeria is the second. Now, I want to know why there are people in these two countries who want to make movies. Is it because there are more artistic and creative people in those countries than other countries? or is it because people in those countries think making a movie is a culture? I think, even in America, the most successful country in the film industry, only some people can release their films because it is not a very easy to make and sell their movies. So, I wonder why so many people can make and sell their movies in those two, Nigeria and India, can do that.

    Furthermore, it was interesting to learn how countries try to increase their income by increasing a ticket price because I didn’t know Japan can stay in a third place in the ranking of income from a film industry due to the high ticket price. I knew the movie ticket price is high in Japan but I thought an audience is very limited for Japanese movies so I didn’t expect that Japan is in third place in the world.

    Lastly, It was interesting that there is a regulation on the number of American films China allows to show in movie theaters. I felt “why” but then I realized that is actually a good strategy to get more people to pay their money for a Chinese film industry. But, I think there is a negative aspect of China doing it. Because people in China can’t watch many American films, there will be more pirates movies in China. So, producers or directors of American films can’t get money from pirates movies.


    1. It is interesting that Nigeria and India are the top film producers. I would think that this might have something to do with the cost of making a film in these areas or maybe the cost of copyrights as well. Even though America isn’t the top producer in film, it is definitely the most highly recongnized. This may be due to the fact that although the film costs more money, they are higher quality films. India and Nigeria may produce a large amount of film, but their film market is more open in independent films allowing more film producers to get their films shown. Even with the large amount of foreign films produced, it seems Americans are less interested in foreign films in general. Even if the film is an amazing film, the American population isn’t inclined to go see it when an American film is playing as well. Even being in Indonesia, I was able to find American movies on the tv with subtitles. When in the US, I couldn’t find any foreign channels or movies on television other then maybe a Spanish channel. It’s interested how American culture is so widespread. I didn’t realize it was this way until moving overseas.


    2. To answer your first paragraph. The number of movies that are made are larger, but Nigeria is almost all self produced and non theatrical while India I believe is domestically theatrical, while the US numbers are I think just theatrical (meaning in theaters). The Nigerian movies are mostly known for being no budget ripoffs of Hollywood big money films. However without going out of my way to watch them, I couldn’t answer to their creativity. India is a funny market that is almost completely self contained. They tend to follow the “bad” CGI mantra that was in the US in the 90’s and have the crazy horrible tropes that are trying to be hidden by other countries today. If I had to explain it in terms Karl used in class, I would have to say campy movies, as they can be very enjoyable with how bad they are at times. They also follow the Japanese (or maybe the Japanese follow them) in the model of sequels galore. Their franchises reach double digits with just one main character and not world building.

      Yes increasing ticket prices can increase the income of the industry for a country. It isn’t that easy though, as the economy of that country needs to be inline with the increase of the price. The entertainment industry is a luxury and the ticket prices are indicative of the soft power of the country. China has been growing its economy very fast over the last few decades and did not raise prices much for a long time. Once they raised them to match the buying power of the average person the sales jumped like crazy. That combined with the huge population is what made them the 2nd largest market and poised to be the largest in the near future.

      Your last paragraph goes into something that is both interesting and political in nature. The limitation of outside movies is not so much to make people watch Chinese movies vs the others. When the outside movies come in there isn’t a restriction on how many people can see it and they generally make far more than the others. The restriction is to limit the influence mainly from the west and to control what elements from the west get into the country. This has a harmful effect on the world for any movie (i.e. most big ones) to pander to china within the movie instead of focusing on the story as it should be. Another thing is that some movies that wouldn’t get in for very small reasons have changed major elements of the story to get in. An example of this is with Dr. Strange and the all be it white washed Tibetan monk was changed into a Celtic mystic in order to appease China’s view that they own Tibet and don’t recognize it as its own country.


    3. Yeah I was wondering how Japan was so high on the list. Is it really being carried by the high ticket prices? I know that animation shows and movies are really successful in Japan and relatively successful internationally but live action movies in Japan are mostly terrible. Usually they are terrible on purpose as exploitation and/or B movies. But, even the Japanese equivalent to blockbuster films are rarely good. I have never really understood how this happened since Japan has had a really good history in the film industry. They may not have pioneered monster movies but Japanese monster movies were the most successful and most iconic movies that even created many stereotypes about Japan. Then there was all those samurai films that had similar themes to the western genre that were also really popular.


      1. Japan has a few genres at which they really excel at. Other than animation as you have said the horror movies is an area that Japan has really had a great deal of success in. We can see this in the west in such adaptations as The Ring and Dark water which have made quite a bit of money. Like Karl said in class a lot of these movies were bought up by big studios in the west in order to remake them. However, in Japan there are many of these horror movies still being made and many people enjoy them so one can only assume that they to receive quite a bit of money.


  3. This was a very interesting breakout session. To begin with, Karl had mentioned the Speilberg epic war movie War Horse, which I remember seeing in the movie theater with my father. The movie requires a lot of patience and in-depth analyses to understand the state of mind of the characters as World War One approaches. But also, I feel that one needs to understand the history of the time to fully comprehend the message that the film is trying to convey (which is that War is a destructive force that tears at us from the very core). If not, the movie is simply about a kid who misses his special horse and is way too long. I appreciated the film because I am a history buff, but I think it was a miss at the box office because people just didn’t have the interest in reading further into the film, and the action took a long time to happen, unlike in other Speilberg movies like Saving Private Ryan that is a non-stop adrenaline rush as American army Rangers push forward to liberate German-occupied France during the first weeks after D-Day in 1944.

    I also think the Internet is soon to have a profound impact on movie making as well. People in the future are less likely to pay 30 dollars for a single movie ticket when they can see it on iTunes in the comfort of their own home movie theaters. Also, with so many people in transit these days, with air travel for example, people are likely to find the convenience of the internet a much more attractive alternative to the astronomically high ticket prices they charge at theaters.

    I also think that movie genres are likely to change as well as millennials and younger audiences that have been brought up with the Internet are more attracted to things they see online on social media and new trends that arise. Filmmakers will likely try to go “all-out” with special effects and superhero movies to keep them coming. But as I had said before, interests and trends are likely to change as the current moviegoing public become older and the millennials make up the bulk of the market.

    On a personal note, I think that the sophistication of films has taken a nose dive since audiences are less likely to enjoy a film that requires analysis and concentration. People these days want instant gratification and the movie business, needing to survive, is willing to sell out to satisfy this new reality. It really is a shame.

    I hope we are just going through a phase, as a society, and we return to caring about what we watch, rather than turning to most of the garbage that is mainstream cinema these days.

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  4. When we were talking about the high concept film having very simple and straightforward titles, Japanese translations of foreign film titles came into my mind. I have always thought that foreign film titles are translated in a totally different way in Japan. (most times very very simplified) Recent Disney movies for example, are changed because the English titles can be confusing or not too clear to the Japanese. Frozen is changed to Anna and the Queen of Snow, Up is changed to Carl grandpa’s flying house, Tangled is changed to Rapuntzel. Ratatouille is changed to Remy’s delicious restaurant. You can see that it tells you directly what the story is about, hence creating more clarity so that it attracts mass audience just as high concept films does. I used to (and still) think it is uncool to change a title like this, but I understand the producer’s side as well because for sure, the new titles brings in more people and at the end, profit.
    I was very surprised on the number of fake Armageddon sequences. Or even the fact that it is all fake after the first film. The posters we saw in class were all very similar and the title is also the same with the corresponding year. It seemed very cheap and uncreative to me, and I couldn’t believe that people would actually go and watch it. I felt like the feeling of nostalgia is a strong force in people’s minds and filmmakers really make a use of this. It is rather odd that even though people know the sequences are likely to be worse than the original, people go and watch it for the sake of being it connected to the first film. I feel like the more you change or deviate from the original material, the more risk you’re taking because the audience usually wants something similar. But then, it is hard to make it interesting when you have to stick to the original. This is hard…
    I am also surprised how recreation is a big component in the entertainment business. From one successful film, you get the sequel, parodies, pastiche, the merchandise, and soundtracks.(maybe more?) And for some films, it goes on and on and on… There are so many ways you can make profit out of one film. I think this reflects how deeply people connect themselves with not just films, but art in general.
    We’ve looked at post modernism in film and its intertextuality, but there are also TV shows which reflect the same thing. Cartoons such as family guy often criticizes popular culture and creates humor. therefore, if you know about it, you feel smart that you understand the jokes, but when you don’t know anything about the popular culture in the united states, you usually end up not getting any of the funny parts. Probably people from outside the states who don’t speak english can have a hard time getting the humor. I think post modern film sometimes make it very hard to understand, relate, and connect with because of the knowledge you need about the culture and it might not be for everyone.
    The advertisement of the ticket refund was very interesting. I bet it grabbed a lot of attention of the people watching tv and make them want to go to the theaters and see for themselves. I don’t know what to think about the exploitative way it markets the film (if the ending is not as good as expected), but I do think it is smart and definitely effective. When the director was interviewing the audience after the screening, it was funny how he kept reminding them not to tell anyone about the ending by asking the question to almost everyone. Now, I think advertising has shifted heavily towards social media and the internet. Before the release of monster’s university in 2013, pixar created a college website online that looked very realistic you might mistaken it for a real college. For advertising the dark knight, filmmakers also created several websites such as a fake election website promoting Harvey dent for district attorney of Gotham city or batman propaganda websites. They hid physical clues all around the country and events like comic con to lead people to these websites. Although, you need a certain amount of budget to do it as big as the dark knight, I feel like it has become very easy to access people and advertise your film after the internet and social media became more common.


  5. It is not everyday that one can say they actually can sense a change in the zeitgeist of the culture they live in (or are from), but when it comes to modern American cinema, I can honestly say that not only do I sense it, but I sense it slipping in the wrong direction.

    Without all of the impressive special effects that can bring the imagination thrill ride that is reading a MARVEL comic into a dopamine producing gold mine on the silver screen, what does the last decade really offer in the way of incredible cinema? We are in a lull in creativity, one that has been created by those with the capacity to create compelling narrative jumping ship onto premium cable and Netflix platforms. If a single comic book film was not made in the last decade, what are we left with when it comes to going to the cinema? Any hint of material that is esoteric, thought provoking, and emotionally jarring has been lost to theatre distribution, rather instead, you can find some of the best iterations of this content on HBO and Netflix.

    Four films from the previous decade come to mind when I think of what sort of screen plays no longer grass cinema screens. 1999’s ‘Being John Malkovich’, 2004’s ‘Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind’, 2006’s ‘A Scanner Darkly’, and to cap off the decade, 2010’s ‘Inception’.

    All of these films are extremely different in genre, scope, and artistic conveyance, yet they all share one thing…incredible screenplays that found incredible directors to bring them to life. They are mental, emotional, and touching pieces of film as art, lie likes of which just isn’t being made these days. Hollywood is in love with sequels, CGI, and proven concepts. They do not take artistic risks like the ones it took to produce these kinds of films. In order to see truly artistic films such as 2016’s ‘Swiss Army Man’, viewers can only be offered such material by independent film and small studios who often are not widely screened and simply make the rounds at film festivals.

    For the future of American film, I hope we stop ridding the sequel train and milking comic book franchises. Let’s bring back quality screenplays.


    1. I absolutely agree with your assessment that we, as a society, are currently in a ‘lull’ of creativity. Everything seems to be purely for profit in terms of cinema and/or a complete lack of artistic skills or expression at the hands of directors, screenwriters, and producers. Honestly, it seems like the ‘bubble done popped’ when it comes to the dominance of American cinema on the world stage. I’m not sure if you or anyone else has really looked, but foreign films these days are full of meaning, expression, and artistic content. For example, the German film ‘Victoria’ which follows a young Spanish woman’s experiences after meeting a group of German youths on the streets of Berlin is unlike any piece of American junk I have seen in recent times. The film is non-stop, from a hand held camera viewpoint, and is truly a piece of art.

      I hate how people judge the success of a movie based off of it’s commercial success. What if the film is a limited release? What if the majority of audiences couldn’t tell a piece of art from a piece of trash? It’s so subjective that it’s hard to really tell what is or isn’t worthy of being called a successful or good movie. The industry has become so money-driven, as it always has been, but this time it is different. It’s all about CGI and casting one of the ‘superstars’ that cost hundreds of millions of dollars (ex. Brad Pitt, George Clooney, etc.). I mean, is casting them and having the most expensive special effects with a sub-par story line really the world that we have come to?

      I do think that Spielberg, for example, has popped out some incredible motion pictures that are works of art. War Horse for one was absolutely incredible. It was completely underrated and deserved more recognition for being one of the most influential World War One movies since ‘All is Quiet on the Western Front.’ It just goes to show that audiences these days are becoming more shallow and are looking for more instant gratification. I fear what is going to happen once we lose our Spielberg’s and the audiences that appreciate good movies. I fear what will happen when the generation of today replaces them.

      It seems like filmmakers these days are beating a dead horse when it comes to subject content. How many sequels of Spiderman do we need? How many times do we have to water down a title so much so that the end products are so far from the authenticity and originality of the first picture that it’s not even in the same genre anymore? While I think there are directors doing justice to this notion, such as Ridley Scott and the Alien franchise, with one of the best films of the decade ‘Prometheus’ being created, there are simply too many producers trying to make a quick buck and the art form is greatly suffering.

      While I do have a pessimistic outlook on the future of quality screenplays, I have a slight bit of hope that someone unbeknownst to us at the present, will come onto the scene and revive the dying mainstream film industry of today.


      1. I really disagree. I do not think the film industry is any closer to dieing then it has ever been to begin with. Films can be many things and some times more than one thing at once. They can be artistic share life wisdom and entertain or a combinations of these traits and more. To say that there have been so many Spider Man movies is true but there obviosley is a market for these movies to be created. Commercial success is not a bad thing at all. If a movie has good commercial success then it hit the mark with audiences in some way otherwise it would have failed. Just because Spider Man is not an artistic film piece does not mean that it is some way indicative of the industry dieing. Quite the contrary the industry is flourishing right now we can see this by looking at the amount of money being pumped into film making as opposed to the past.


  6. Ooooo the future probably holds all sorts of interesting developments for film! So I’m mostly gonna focus on that here since I think it’s more fun personally.

    Since so many people have home theaters now, I’d be we’re gonna be seeing more 4D movies in theaters. Wonder if they’ll ever actually put in scent machines. Not sure I want them to.

    I also have to wonder if films will get shorter and shorter in the coming years. We seem to be moving faster and faster through our lives, getting information overload from the little devices we carry in our pockets, surrounded by ads we see for a second or less, bombarded by the sheer volume of media options to choose from. So to me it would make sense if films became even shorter to accommodate this trend.

    Another thing I wonder about is theaters themselves. Since it’s becoming easier and easier for people to make their own films, not to mention how much more affordable home theaters are becoming, I wonder if the very concept of a theater you make a trip to will become obsolete. At least in America. Similar to how arcades are still prosperous in Japan, but not in America, I could see some places having perks that would keep them open in certain areas, but I feel like for the average American going to the movies is going to become less and less practical when you can have a similar experience at home. And without the small child kicking you from behind.

    I don’t think movie stars are going anywhere anytime soon. I know the song goes video killed the radio star, but I’m not sure what will kill the movie star. I think as long as film is made, we’ll continue to have icons that are continuously used in them in one form or another.

    Special effects are certainly only going to get better and better. We’ve already seen 3D go from blue and red glasses to fancy yellow glasses. I’m sure as transport becomes more efficient more on location shooting will happen. Well, unless we find an easier and better, not to mention cheaper, way of recreating areas indoors.

    I bet we’ll also see more movies produced with old practical effect methods just for the novelty of it. I’ll be excited to see those I think!

    I do worry we’re going to move further and further into the high concept, but it’s reassuring to see places like Netflix and Amazon helping produce some things that break some of the norms a little. So perhaps it will be the smaller producers that save us from a only high concept film future.


  7. At the beginning of this course, I could not wait to get to this part of the program. Not knowing much about films, I guessed that this was going to be the only topic in which I had something to say, or at least a broader understanding. Generally speaking, I was not wrong: I had never heard anything about the Hays Code, but I did know what a sequel, a remake, and a spin-off were. However, I was completely wrong when I thought that this was the part that I was going to enjoy the most. Not because we did not have the chance to go in depth with modern movies, but because the rest of the course turned out to be much more interesting than I thought! As I have already mentioned in my post in the section on New American Film, I do not like that much the idea that many movies nowadays rely on a high-concept, or on pastiche. I do understand why marketing is so important, given the huge amount of money that needs to be spent to produce a movie. If I were the producer, I too would like to make sure that my product sells well. However, as a spectator, seeing the same movies (same types, similar plot, already-seen drama, etc.), and the simplicity of their content became boring. Sequels and prequels are understandable, especially if they are based on a novel, like The Lord of the Rings, or Harry Potter. But adaptations, rip-offs, and, in certain cases, remakes are absolutely boring to me. The worst, to me at least, are crossovers. Like my mum says, “they run out of ideas.” Like, literally, WHY. And more than why studios make them, how is it possible that they are successful. I seriously do not get it. To me is like expecting to see “Magic in the Middle-Earth: Voldemort vs Sauron”. Nonsense.
    Moreover, I absolutely agree with DJToastbunnyExecutable. Places like Amazon and Netflix are indeed helping smaller producers and directors to develop their capacities and talents. I watched just a couple of weeks ago The Bad Batch on Netflix. The budget’s movie was “only” 6 million dollars and it was not exactly high concept. However, I am not so sure I would recommend it.
    Apart from these high-concept movies, remakes, sequels and such, it would have been interesting to watch a movie or some clips of a low-concept modern/postmodern movie. Too bad that the time was not on the side of our class.
    Another feature that bothers me is the insane budget required today for a movie, even if it is a B-movie. I understand the industry grew, and with the popularity also the price rises. But these numbers are ridiculous. However, I guess that without spending so much money, a filmmaker would not be able to shoot a successful movie nowadays, given the high expectations of modern audience.


  8. Nowadays, internet dominates our life mostly. You can do everything online such as shopping, ordering food or so on. Movies are available everywhere, you can get a movie from iTunes store, Amazon. U.S. movies still have very high revenues worldwide as they are having their only unique value on it. I would like to say B-movie and Independent move, it looks like our Vlogs or YouTuber’s video on YouTube as they are lower cost video. And, they are just for specific group of people such as younger people.
    What are our expectations of the future of American movies? I think the future’s movie going 3D to 4D or 4D MAX (4DX). 4D means introduce effects of vibration, hair, water spray, smoke or etc. Also, the character shows into 3D movies to create a unique performance style. These live effects are closely linked with the plot, the special equipment of the chair creates an environment that is consistent with the content of the movie, allowing the audience to experience the thrilling, thrilling and exciting thrill of the new entertainment brought about by the multiple body sensory experience movies of vision, smell, hearing and touch. That is a really cool think to do all movie into 4DX system.
    That’s my experience and feeling in the 4D movie, The use of chair shaking to increase sense of entry is the basic equipment of 4D film and television, and the chair of the theater its degree of shaking and strength is really great, watching the Avengers Union, some scenes of the seat shaking watermelon grasping Living handrails, for the feeling is about to be thrown out, and the intensity and timing of shaking are very much in line with the current situation of the movie, to enhance the feelings of the observer. Another use of the seat, that is, when the lens is up or down angle, the seat will tilt, people feel that they are in the camera, followed by looking up or looking down, so watermelon feel very real. Finally with the movie when there engine or mechanical condition, the vibration effect of the seat, the moment will really have their own illusion in the movie, really great!. However, I think it maintains the diversity of appearance and art as it still a movie playing. That’s amazing feeling for a movie.
    Overall, I think 4DX is not like a theater, but rather more like amusement facilities such as a theme park attraction, I watched “Avengers 2” in 4DX, it like a thrilling Marvel tour, very thrilling, here Recommended like to see moving theater friends, and be sure to pick one you like and suitable for watching 4DX works, go to the cinema to experience 4DX various video to enhance the charm of special effects
    To be honest, in my opinion, the plight of the U.S. film industry is not the problem of brain drain. The young Americans always treat the industries of creation as sideline businesses. Even artists are hard-pressed to concentrate on their acting career. What is more important is that the development of these creative industries in the United States is not enough resources. What is even more important is that the issue of rate of return is so rooted in the United States that many desirable young people are also reluctant to join the industry. What makes YouTube a “new battleground” for young people is, above all, YouTube’s ability to create many other things that the media cannot play, such as the YouTube channel, which has a different ending as the viewer’s options jump to different points in time It’s hard or impossible for a movie, TV, or other platform to do that. Vlog’s kind of micro-movie can only play on YouTube. The TV station or the cinema will not find time slots for you to play, so YouTube’s freedom is for young. People see a great potential with the market. I think the internet is changing the rule to make a movie and video. There are so many good YouTuber make a ton of money, so those people can create there only work to get money, and YouTube actually pay them a lot for Ad free kind of income, so who going to get in to the movie industry to make money? And the road will be much longer compare to you become a good YouTuber.
    As a result, I think the movie market are good and health. And, people would like to pay to get in to watch a movie. even, 40 or 50 dollars ticket, 4DX movie still mostly people would like to try and enjoy. YouTube is a really good platform to generate a good young director. And, it is a good place to show you work to the world. And, internet are not killing the movie market. I think they are in the different system. Thank you.


  9. Sorry If I get off topic but this is a topic I am really passionate about.

    I know people may have their gripes about what Marvel has been doing with their version of a cinematic universe. We see many films trying to go off of their success by creating their own cinematic universe. DC comics and the Justice League movies. We are starting to see Godzilla and King Kong films with plans of integrating them into a shard universe reminiscent of the old Godzilla films. Recently the plan to use The Mummy to create a magic and monsters cinematic universe completely flopped as the film was hot garbage and it also suffered financial failure. There is something about these films that make people want to watch them but it is Marvel that seem to have mastered the formula. They give each character their own movie which invests the audience into these characters which enhances everyone interest in seeing all these characters team up together in this major crossover movies. The years spent building up into such films creates an emotional investment by the actors and the audience. Honestly these type of film series are continuing to bring in more fans with ever increasing budgets and profits so the chances that they will fade away anytime soon is not likely.

    One thing that makes me wonder about the future of the movie industries is that for the most part, only Marvel has been consistently successful with these superhero movies where other companies are hit or miss and others are constant failures. Mostly it is because these other companies trying to copy Marvel are all film companies whereas Marvel is originally a comic book company. They know their craft inside and out and can create powerful character driven stories.

    This is most evident in the Captain America films that show his evolution from a true American hero that loves his country and fights for what he believes is right to someone on the run being hunted by that same government by the third film. He grew up in the World War 2 era which the Americans of that time are nicknamed as the greatest generation. He truly believes in his country and the cause of freedom. But he wakes up 70 years later to see what that America has become and suddenly the idea of good and bad becomes gray.

    The origin of these films are the comic series which is also the source of their style of story telling. Some comic series have been going on for many decades which provides a ton of material for these movies to work with. Another thing that is great about the comics is the multiverse which means multiple universes or timelines that sees different versions of history within the comics. There are timelines that have every character as a zombie or has alternate versions of certain characters. This provides a precedence that provides reasoning for why the Spiderman films keep getting rebooted or whatever the heck is going on with the X-men timeline. This also creates an opportunity for DC films to fix the issues within their own failing cinematic universe.

    From purely a film maker’s perspective this is both positive and negative. The positive is the recognition you can achieve by making a successful movie in the Marvel cinematic universe. This gives you more power when going off to make your own films. The negatives is how incredibly protective Marvel is with their movies. A film director has a large amount of freedom but has a long list of things they cannot do and have to check every decision with a Marvel staff. This makes it very difficult to make the film your own style but does not seem to deter people from these films. Probably has something to do with the mass amount of money you could earn.


  10. As other students say, it was interesting how film production and genre have been changed throughout Hollywood history. In this class, we began to explore the beginning of 1920. At that time, production skills were low, and even budgets were extremely low compared today. There were not so much film genres, but young directors always cultivated a new land and grated audiences’ attention, and established a new genre. Now, we, especially young people are used to see a fast cut movie and computer graphics and get bored when they see “slow” in a film. Audiences have easily adapted a new style and required it more, so sometimes I wonder how is film production going to change in next ten year. Technology has been rapidly developing for a few years, and now we can create something does not exist in the real world, which means we can create anything we want in a film. Along with it, it is possible to make a new genre. For instance, the crossover is now popular because of Avengers series. Before Avengers, it was enough that one superhero was for one film. Now we have many superheroes in one film. We have a crossover, spin-off, and series, and so on. Along with that, the story is more complicated, and audiences cannot miss even one episode. You have to watch everything if you want to completely understand the story. I know it is easy to attract audiences because each hero has fans, and fans go to a theater to see the hero. On the other hand, it seems to be risky, I think. Like me, at first, I enjoyed watching Avengers, but now I cannot follow them anymore. There are too much crossover and spin-off movies…and I am tired to cover all of them. Therefore, I quit watching them. To be honest, I do not like a film series. Maybe I am a stereotype, but I just believe that film should be ended in one or few episodes, not continued. Because I think it is a big difference between a movie and TV programs. Anyway, I think now we make a new genre and stand in a transition time because of the appearance of series films like Avengers.
    As other students say, I am also surprised that India and Nigeria are top numbers of film producers. I thought America and China were top. Also, I did not know that Japan is in third revenue from film industries. In Japan, a movie ticket is expensive so that I cannot go to a theater so often. However, Japan can still keep high revenue from film industries, so maybe the number of people who go to a theater is higher than I expected. When I was in America for a while, I was surprised that the price is changed depends on the time you see a film. For instance, a movie ticket for the morning is cheapest, a ticket for the daytime is highest, and so on. In Japan, there is a night show and its ticket is little cheaper than daytime, but there are not so many options like American theaters have.


  11. Now more than ever the film industry is rapidly globalizing. We can see this happening by looking at countries like China that are clambering for more and more western media. It is also very interesting to see the differences in movies as they are moved and sold overseas. This trend of exporting film is helping to push forward a new age of cinema in my mind. If we look at the United states now we see that theaters are not doing as well as they once were. This is simply a sign of the times being more of a digital age, people are more used to having direct access to media at their finger tips at all times. However, still many movies have shown that there is a market for theater based movies. Now we have Imax and 3D that help push movie goers to the big screen. What will be interesting is to watch whether or not these selling points will help theaters rise up or will they just be passing fads.
    As far as films go, modern films are being created again with some astonishing budgets which are remincent of the old mega films of the past. Movie like the Pirates of the Caribbean series cost upwards of 300 million to make. Another good example is that of the movie Avatar by James Cameron which cost 237 million for one film and was presented in both Imax and 3d on release. Along side these mega titles however, are still many smaller budgeted films like seen in the 70’s. These films like that of Saw and Paranormal Activity share screen time with the big boys and are capitalizing on their success to this day. This is a good thing because we are seeing a more open Hollywood one that is not dominated by majors studios but one that can provide multiple genre’s and films of all budgets to viewers all over the world.
    Even non budgeted films are starting to become a thing as small time directors and even students have access to ever cheaper equipment that can produce good films with no budget to speak of. These films are seeing themselves now funded through crown sourcing which I believe will become more present in the future as people are willing to pay a few bucks to see the movies they want be created. Sense technology has come so far we can now explore new spaces of film such as augmented reality, better 3d and more expansive audio. All of these things coupled together are pushing the future of films to new and greater heights. With all that being said right now there is a bit of a shake up in Hollywood with the advent of old scandals being exposed. This is a bit like the Yellow Press days and it will be interesting to see how this might shape the making of future films coming out of Hollywood. But, never the less allowing more people access to making movies can only make the industry better as a whole.


  12. When thinking about the future perspective of cinemas, I see a trend that has been happening for the past few years which is rebooting movies that were released back then. Movies that have monster-genre like King Kong and Godzilla were recently released as a reboot and now even share the same cinematic universe, so that they could excite the newer audience plus the fan base that both monster films have. In fact, to anyone who does not know, Legendary Pictures and Warner Bros. Pictures have officially announced that a movie with King Kong and Godzilla together will be hitting the cinemas in 2020 along. That means the newer audience and both monster film’s fan base will most likely be attracted. It is similar to Marvel’s first Avengers movie which contains different superheroes that a lot of people love. In fact, they have the same concept as Marvel as they have a lot of superheroes from Iron-Man to even the newest-reboot of Spider-Man sharing the same universe. They are even probably leading film industry at the moment and also breaking records of box offices every time a new Marvel movie releases. In addition, I have a feeling that the upcoming Avengers: Infinity War that will come in 2018 have the potential to be even in the Top 3 of the Worldwide Box office. Another similar one is the DC Comics recently released Justice League and in the future, there will be more upcoming films of superheroes from the comics hitting the theatres.
    Another reboot idea that I noticed was Disney, releasing live-action animations of their old movies like Jungle Book and Beauty and the Beast. In the next few years, they will be releasing famous old movies of theirs like Lion King, Mulan and Dumbo into live-action as well. I see that as part of their marketing strategy to be able to hit the box office charts again as well as Disney keeping their prestige level as one of the world’s famous film companies. As of now, Beauty and the Beast are standing in 10th place, and I would not be surprise if the upcoming live-action movies will be in the top charts as well.
    Other film franchise that are considered as cult movies like Star Wars and Jurassic Park are making new sequels like the upcoming ones, The Last Jedi for Star Wars and Fallen Kingdom for Jurassic World. They were blockbusters that were able to produce film sequels that audiences adored and even becoming a fan of those films. I think that they are trying to do the same thing today but attracting a newer audience. Maybe in the future, they might release a new set of sequels with more cool CGI or even something better that will keep creating a huge amount of audience consistently. Overall, I think that there are more to come in the future and it is just getting started.


  13. Huh well the two questions you posed US cinema generates still high revenues worldwide, but has it kept topical and artistic variety? What can we expect from American movies in the future? Are both very dense topics of discussion, I suppose I will begin by addressing the concept of producer cinema.
    I personally think its kind of lame, however at the same time I would argue that it’s necessary for a variety of reasons. One being time has proven that it in fact works and it sells. I am of the belief that the general public is in fact stupid for the most part for better or for worse. They’re easily entertained and things don’t need to be tasteful to keep them entertained. A dog can be kept entertained for hours chasing a stick just like most of the general public can be left entertained watching super hero productions time after time after time. And for whatever reason even with the same endings and same shitty plot structure they keep coming back for more and more, and never get tired of the garbage. Now this all sounds like kind of a bummer but you need to understand it is this kind of mindless garbage that is keeping the United States of America #1 in the film game. Which I guess is good as long as we hold our status as number one? Idk, but with power comes potential, which brings me to my next point.
    The best movies in my opinion usually are too niche and are not bland enough to entertain large numbers of people. They take too many risks and cover topics that are too unique or taboo for most of the public to appreciate or relate too. They make no money but somehow are produced in a manner that is half way decent. Now in order for films like these to get big budgets and be made well you need money. That money gotta come from somewhere. In America we have this saying, “ don’t quit your dayjob”. Sometimes film makers have to make the boring blockbusters, if they wanna make enough money to pay for their unique films that they know are not going to make money. Producer driven cinema, I can appreciate and understand why its necessary because at the end of the day money is very important.
    So back to the question “US cinema generates still high revenues worldwide, but has it kept topical and artistic variety?” I’d say yeah. Sure we got a bunch of garbage out, but when don’t we? Also there’s always some good stuff coming out you just gotta know where to look. If you find yourself unable to find cool new stuff, that just means your old, salty, and out of the loop.
    For the second question what can we expect from American movies in the future? Well I think were in a really cool place right now for movies and its pretty exciting. With the shift from dvds and bluerays to online streaming the whole industries fucked. Everything is all over the place, nobody will ever really care to buy dvds anymore and movie theaters need gimmicks to get people to visit them. This all might sound bad but I like a little Wild West flavor in an industry. Right now with things like hulu and Netflix blowing up in popularity, we’re seeing this wave of money going to smaller filmmakers to make stuff and to crank it out fast. Some of it might be quantity over quality but in that we’re getting tastes of unique things and smaller unknown film makers are getting great opportunities to reach huge audiences. It’s kinda wild but also great. How people watch things is just different now. Its old news that attention spans are getting shorter and convenience is key. Nobody wants to take the time to go to the theater anymore. Nobody wants to wait a week for a new episode of something. We want it viewable now and we wanna view it on our terms. Now were getting full seasons of tv shows released in one day. We can now watch them however long we want and at the pace we want. If you’re too excited you can now binge watch the whole season, if you’re too busy you can watch one episode at a time. You no longer have to worry about missing an episode either because again the pace is for you to set.
    I also see parallels to this era and way back in the era of the double features at the drive in theaters that Karl talked about. I think when Karl is teaching this class in the year 2070 at the Temple spaceship campus he’s going to be talking about this era and the concept of Netflix and chill. Young people nowadays want nothing to do with the movie theaters partly because why on earth would they want to pay 15 dollars to watch one movie in a pubic place with their date. You obviously save yourself a lot of trouble if the movie viewing and date starts on Netflix at your place. “Going out” is a thing of the past, convenience is key. With Netflix, tinder and uber eats the millennials don’t ever have to leave their bed and they get it all while saving a ton of money. Unhealthy maybe, but it’s truly a beautiful thing.
    So yeah American movies in the future, I think they’re focus will be quantity over quality due to this shift to the Internet. But this will at the same time give us a broader variation of topics and sub genres and we will move into a real interesting stage of American film. I also think what will eventually interrupt this will be either vr cinema or some kind of VR/hologram hybrid cinema. Once this can be done well, it will tighten the reigns a bit and we will once again see the restrictions you see now in the big budget producer type cinema. There’s already a big VR cinema in Shinjuku and it has a variety of interactive things to do if if one already hasn’t checked it out I suggest you do!


    1. I really like your ideas on the future of cinema. I do believe that as we move forward the medium in which we enjoy films will continue to change. While I do not believe that the big screen will go away anytime soon I do hope that new technologies will come in to play and make movies even more enjoyable. VR is a really cool technology and I hope it will play a bigger part in fim making sooner than later. It would be really cool for instance to be able to stand inside a movie and be able to watch it happen around you.


  14. Speaking to the future perspective of film….I recently notice that microfilm as an emerging new field of movie industry which is rising rapidly. The form of the movie is changing, traditional movies are the 2, 3 hours, and the microfilm sometimes only in few minis. Because most of them are produced by some really small film makers, or inexperienced students who just graduated. It brings huge business value to the merchants, it also brings more visual enjoyment and satisfaction to more audiences, and opens up a path for some small film makers and also television production.

    raising the total number of viewers, creating opportunities for more unexperienced film makers making this field gains popularity. In the recent years, the trend of Micro film is growing. Micro-film has its own advantages in film and television industry as well as its own shortcomings. Therefore, the opportunities and challenges of making micro film often coexist.

    Microfilm refers to the “ultra-short time-based”, the shortest micro movie only takes 30-300 seconds. And it only takes 1 day to 7 days or a few weeks to shoot and produce it. And it made of a very low budget which from hundreds of dollars to thousand dollars. Even though it is very short but feature that has a complete storyline, and it also includes humor, fashions, public education, it can be made as the single movie, or a series. It sometimes can be sponsored by the fashion brand companies, food companies to show case their products in the film.

    It is quite popular in young generation in China, because most of them are free, can be easy to find and watch online. Therefore, I found this is very interesting. Many talented young producers want to start to producer their own works, but usually, either they lack experience, or they don’t have enough money to produce a complete movie. Micro film can be a good start for them to experiment, also it can help them to build a portfolio, in order to get sponsor by other companies. It is kinda cool, that people who are not experienced with movie production, can still make movies, and in fact, sometimes, the micro film can be very artistic, below I attached the link of micro film which wins the silver award at the hongkong musical microfilm competition. I think the micro film could be a trend in film industry in the future.


    1. I did not know about microfilm that much, so it was interesting to read your blog. Since Youtube becomes one of the platform to show your idea through a video, it makes sense that microfilm becomes popular in the future. Also, as you mentioned in your blog, it will be a great opportunity for inexperienced filmmakers.


  15. Even though the term high concept was new to me, I could think of so many high concept films after reading the characteristics. I feel that the majority of Walt Disney films including the live-action ones are high concept. They are highly driven by their ideas and can easily be explained in a few sentences, easy to merchandise, touching human emotions, clearly associated with the genre, etc. I also feel that most of the blockbusters are also high concept films. I enjoy watching films that are high concept because I always know what I’m going in for and what to expect out of the film. They are also quite easy to digest and often has emotional elements that stays with me and makes me appreciate the film a little more. Directors like Steven Spielberg and Michael Bay seem to make many high concept films while directors like Christopher Nolan and Martin Scorsese seem to make low concept films. I enjoy both high concept and low concept depending on the mood. Low concept films may not be as easy to digest as high concept, but they seem to demand more introspect and tend to stay on my mind longer.
    Pastiche is one of the topics that I enjoyed the most in this course, simply because… I love pastiche films lol. Now I have watched many horror remakes from the terrible ones by Michael Bay and the American adaptations of the foreign horror films (mostly Japanese). I can honestly say over 90% of the time I enjoy the originals much more than the remakes. Professor mentioned that the American studios buy the rights to the foreign films and remake them then not show the original so that the audience will watch the American version instead. That made a lot of sense to me because when I was in America, I stopped seeing the Japanese horror films (Ju-on, The Ring, etc) once the American versions of Ju-on and The Ring were released. (The only time I saw the Japanese Ju-on being shown on the TV was on the Sci-fi channel.) I personally believe that the horror films are quite difficult to make a good remake out of, simply because the audience expects and demands the same level of horror they received in the original or even higher. And they will complain if it’s too similar or too different from the original. I think this applies even more for the American remakes of the Japanese horror films, because what makes Japanese horror films so scary (in my opinion) is the fact that they ARE Japanese. I believe the environment, culture, appearance of the ‘evil spirit’, scenery, interactions within the characters are what make these films so horrifying, because it is so relatable for the Japanese people and feels as if these things could happen to them. So when the American versions try to remake those elements simply by changing the setting to America or change the protagonist to an American woman, it just does not deliver at all.
    The American remake of a Japanese film that I actually enjoyed is Shall We Dance with Richard Gere. Now it is interesting to see both versions of this story, because although the story is the same, the cultural difference between Japan and America makes the story so different from one another. While the original feels like a quiet and a little melancholic story, the American version is much more romantic and comedic.
    Speaking of high concept films and pastiche films, I think the Star Wars franchise consists of both of these elements. The premise is indeed very high concept. It is easy to explain, it touches human emotions, and it is EXTREMELY easy to merchandise. I honestly feel that the major reason the prequel films were made in the first place is because George Lucas wanted to expand the universe so he can merchandise off of new creatures and droids and capitalize off of them.
    I was very glad that professor included the X-Men series in the powerpoint because it is my favorite super hero franchise of all time. The timeline of the story is all over the place and there are definitely a couple bad installments in the franchise, but the way Bryan Singer brought everything together in Days of the Future Past was just perfect. Since the franchise had other directors than Singer, there are some plot holes and inconsistencies within the story. However, the fact that he executed the crossover of the original trilogy, the prequels and the “reboot” films so well and created such a touching story for the X-Men fans and the rest of the audience makes me love this franchise even more.


  16. Everyone knows that the film industry have gone a long way and they are one of the biggest entertainment for everyone in the world. I feel like it wasn’t only the technology that made the change possible but as well holloywood’s culture itself and other things. For example, at the end of silence era, that is one of the huge stop for the film business and because of that, there are tons of uprising star and the older actors/actress have also stopped because they do not want to bring down their image. This became somewhat part of the culture in a sense because when a star wants to take care of their image, they do not dare to try and change themselves. However that is a little bit different now because you can see how different everyone is. They are not afraid to do different things and do not care if they fail because it will only help them understand better of themselves. Anyway, the future of modern cinema will continue to go higher. I think that next experience they are trying to make is Virtual Reality. What would be better than watching a movie and experience a real life like, however I feel that it would be hard to achieve and I have a 50-50 feeling on it. There are big companies that is taking over almost everything but I fee like even though there are all this big companies, there will always be an underdog and that has existed in the past, present and im pretty sure the future.

    I was never surprised that US is the top in the film industry in terms of almost everything. Triple A movies are produced there and they always have a huge fanbased ever since they have started. Not only that, they also have fans all over the world and with Japan and China behind America, I do not see them catching up anytime soon. The reason why I think Japan cant catch up is because the number of Japanese who is interested in watching Hollywood movies is higher than local movies. I can say the same because in Malaysia, it is the same, we often watch all the movies from the US the most and we are heavily influence by it and would always rely on them. We know that in the future movie from HollyWood will always produce good movies. Don’t get me wrong, there are always small production that can do better than the US Movie but they aren’t able to capture the attention of the world. Whoever is able to control the market is able to control everything. You can have a good movie with unknown people but they aren’t able to go high because lack of advertisement but it can the other way around for movie that is bad but because of the advertisement, they are able to at least go somewhere.

    You see now there are a lot of Super Hero movies coming out and that has been a huge success because it connects to everyone. However, I think this is tactic because it follows the trend. Since everyone is into superheroes movie at the moment, they keep producing it because they know it will get the attention and it hardly fails. However that is no the same for DC because of other reasons. By having US with high revenues, it also gives the edge for the other directors, producers to work even harder to maybe close the gap or make it further, for the American based directors etc. China is somewhat confusing because they choose only a number of movies to be shown into their country which I find I really weird. However, imagine if all movie are pushed into china and how big of a difference that would make? A small sense is that, the government do not want China to be influence by the western movies.
    Back in the days, you can never rewatch movies at any time you want because youd have to follow the specific time. Even today, you can watch movie at any time because it is all over the internet and somehow it is a good and bad thing. Pirated movies will always exist and that is another topic I will have difficulties because what are the pros and cons? Or are they any? Plus having to no go the cinema saves people money but what they do not understand is that, you aren’t able to experience the full movie because the environment is different. With everything that is accessible through online, which makes lives easy but sometimes you just don’t get what it is actually meant for.

    All in all, I think that the future of the modern cinema will drastically improve because there are so much more room for improvement. Technology will always keep advancing and with the modern gadgets we have now, there are so much more we have not apply to the film industry. Fashion can also be different in the future and it can include more culture and see the difference between the generations. Imagine in the future watching a 2015 movie and thinking how low technology was use. I cant imagine far more advance technology for movies but Im looking forward to it.


  17. In the beginning of the class, Professor showed us a bunch of movie posters without showing us the title of each film. It was actually quite fun doing that. It was actually quite interesting how professor Karl was introducing us to high concept films. When he was showing some of the posters I already right off the bat recognized it. Like when he showed the first posters were ET and Close Encounter. Like by just looking at the posters I have noticed that my mind already catches an idea of what the movie is about. Like for instance E.T., by just reading the title itself you already would know that the film going to be something about outer space or an alien. Also for Close Encounters of the third kind, it is very obvious that by just reading the title that the genre of the film is going to be something different about outer space. The designs of the posters to help give that impression, I have notice that ET and Close Encounters have similar color schemes and both had things that we see at night type of objects on the posters. It was the perfect way to be introduced to distinguish high concept films because by definition, high concept is easy to advertise because all elements that are related to the are in the visuals, actors, and merchandise. This was also the case for the movies that he showed which was Jurassic Park and Jaws. That by just looking at these posters you would already know what the film is going to be about. In a way it is very good advertisement. It is an effective way to get and invite your audience to watch the film. It was also the same case with the posters of Saving Private Ryan and A.I. posters like this have become very predictable and easily recognizable as to what the films are going to be about. That by just looking at the posters I already know that the films are going to be somehow related to military, war and guns. Some of the posters that we have seen in class are very famous high concept film which I personally think would never be forgotten. Like ET is one of them, there are already many generations have passed and still the poster, the logo, even the font of the title has been immensely recognizable. Same goes with Jaws. However, low concept films work the exact opposite. Such as the example with the Pulp Fiction poster, although the film is famous, the poster still did not clearly hint about what the film is going to be about. Yes, when you look at the elements that was used, there is a gun, and girl lying on the bed with her cigarettes showing a little bit of her cleavage. Still does not really give anything about what the film is going to be about. I like how Professor Karl showed us picture of these posters because it made me understand and pick the differences between the two types of concepts although the whole idea is pretty straight forward.

    It was also interesting when we looked at the different examples of remakes, sequels, prequels, homage adaptation, reboot and spin offs films. It was kind of funny seeing the pictures of Robin Hood adaptation films and some of the spinoffs, prequels and sequel of X-men. It was pretty interesting how these films are still being made over and over again the reasoning behind it also makes sense. Like for instance for the superhero movies, they are just so much going on already it has become hard to keep up anymore. It was just recently that Thor was released here in Japan and that just adds up to the spin offs of the Avengers. I am not mad about the release of avengers movies because I do love watching it and I enjoy seeing the CGIs but I do sometimes think about when is this ever going to stop being produced. I just kind of wonder because these famous superhero just keep on coming back with new different adventures. Marvel and DC comic movies have such huge fanbase that I think would still continue to support new sequels and spinoffs to come out. I think sequels of the films are still going to be produced 40 years from now but a more new advance technological experience. Maybe 4D or in virtual reality form. The technology in the cinemas have been advancing very rapidly. It was shocking to see and know how far we’ve come from the kinetoscope to what we have today. I don’t know what the future holds for the cinema world but watching or seeing a film in Virtual reality is a definitely possible in the future. I had recently gone to the new VR studio in Shinjuku and the experience was pretty neat. I definitely thought that movies are going to be shown like this in the near future. I do not know if I would personally like it, because I still like the normal way of watching a film in the cinemas maybe with a neat sound system that’s it. I’m not really a fan of 3d/4d experience. I personally think that there is just too much going on whenever I watch a film in that form. Whatever it is, I still think that the technology that we have today in the cinemas will definitely evolve.


  18. I thought US’ is the most movie production countries, so I was surprised that India is the best. Also, it was interesting that even thought India’s production volume is the best, their movie profits are lower than other countries. Sometimes I heard Japan’s movie consumption is not high, so I thought Japan would be very low, but actually, Japan is ranked in third. I wonder how Japan getting profits from movies. Therefore, this lecture is very helpful for me to understand the reason. I could not think that Japan keep their movie revenue by increasing movie thickets price.
    I think Japanese movie companies prefer to use High concept especially, when they advertise their movies. Young audiences like to watch romance movies, and the movies title or catch phrase is mostly easy to remember. Japanese movie companies make many and similar romance movies, and he main character is usually famous young actor or sometimes up coming actor. Also, not only movie, but also drama, director use trendy actor many times. Therefore, some movies looks very similar, and the way to differentiate their movies is I think to use high concept. For example, a movie was about romance between high school girl and police, and the movie include “JK” which means high school girl and “P” from police man in the title. Thus, it makes easy for audiences to remember and understand what kind of movie would be.
    US has history of movie and they have big six movie companies. Even B movies, their budgets is higher than other countries B movies budgets. Also, same situation like Animation in Japan, companies know the US movies such as Hollywood movies have name value. Thus, I think US movie companies are more willing to sell movies than other countries. Also, nowadays children likes to watch Disney movies, so I think those children have positive feeling to US movies. Therefore, when they grew up, I think they still likes US movies. From these, I think American movies will still have big market in the future.


    1. I was also surprised when I knew that Japan is ranked in third, and the biggest market in revenues for U.S. films. As professor mentioned during the class, one of the reasons of that is the high ticket price. Actually, some TOHO Cinema’s theaters (in Roppongi, Shinjyuku, and Shibuya etc) sold “Star Wars: The Force Awakens” for 2000 yen. According to this website (https://rocketnews24.com/2015/11/12/663796/), they said that they raised ticket price to maintain the quality of environment of the theater. I think that high ticket price makes people not to watch a movie, so they should think a different way to keep their revenue.


  19. 1.Authorised : Remakes made because of genre cycles in order to make more money. Film companies have the idea that if it worked once, it’s going to work again. In the Middle East there are a lot of movie remakes from Hollywood and Bollywood. According to Karl even in the US there are a lot of remakes from foreign movies. The main reason behind this, is that the lack of original ideas and easier work to make good money. However, remakes don’t always succeed and many films had bad remakes which made people hate the movie. Karate Kid was one of my favourite movies when I was young. There was a remake in 2010 which featured Jackie Chan and Jaden Smith. Although the original was better, I enjoyed watching the remake. It was interesting to know how Tarantino re-mix movies to make something great out of it. One example Karl gave is Inglorious Bastards and how he got ideas from four different movies. Another example is Django which I really enjoyed watching and I didn’t know that it was also inspired from several old movies. We discussed also another idea which is a “Prequal” which is a whole story that is part of a another movie. One example I remembered is from a TV show called Better Call Saul. The character Saul was in Breaking Bad as a fraud lawyer, it was really interesting to see how they made a whole TV series on his character. 2.Unothirosezed: Armageddon movie had eight different remakes! There were a lot of obvious rip off movies that almost used the same pictures in the cover. The idea is to trick people to think that it’s a famous movie but of course it is a fake cheap budget movie. Another thing I really enjoyed seeing is the documentary about Final Destination’s test screening. Learning about the deleted romance scene was really surprising. I remember seeing it when I was young and I didn’t expect that all these things went behind the scenes. i learned a lot about how films go through test screens. I thought there wasn’t anything like this, or maybe the people who make movie watch it together, but never knew that there were regular people who watch it before it comes out. This was very interesting and now I think that test screening are important after watching the documentary, because it is true that final destination has a lot of scenes were people die and that’s what made it a great movie. So the test screening made the movie what it is, so I think test screening are a must for films nowadays.


  20. It was interesting to know that India produces more movies than US. Also, never though a movie was a popular culture in Nigeria. I really wonder that why India makes so much films since all Indian movies is about dancing and music which is mostly same genre. One article explained that India has variety of cultures, religions, and languages (which has 22 languages in a country). Therefore, several different regional film industries exist in India. Which makes the dance, music, and costumes would be different, so lots of Indians are able to have fun even the overall concept is same. The languages Bollywood movies use Hindi and Marathi, Kollywood movies use Tamil, and Tollywood uses Telugu. Other languages in India are Bengali, Kannada, Panjabi, Malayalam etc. “Bollywood” is from the city of Mumbai (Bombay), “Kollywood” is from Kodambakkam, Chennai, and “Tollywood” is from Tollygunge, Kolkata.

    The average hours for one movie is about 100 to 120 minutes in Japan and US, but the length of Indian movie is more than three hours. The story structures of Indian film are clear for all the audiences to understand the content easily. Also, happy ending is necessary for Indian movie because movie is for entertainment. Due to this, even though the story flow does not seem to fit with happy ending, they just forced to closed with happy ending. In conclusion, Indian film does not demand for reality or flow in the screen. They just want to make the viewers’ feeling in a bright mood.

    More detail to know about Indian Films

    3 Idiots trailer (2009)

    3 Idiots is about two friends Farhan Qureshi and Raju Rastogi searching the most genius weird friend Ranchoddas “Rancho” Chanchad who is lost. The story goes back to 10 years when they first met in college. Farhan, Raju, and Rancho were students and roommates at super high intelligent college, Imperial College of Engineering (ICE). Farhan has a secret passion for animals than engineering, but studying due to his father’s demands. Raju who always prays to God in order to pass the college since he has poor grades due to the fears of the consequences of his family on failing. Then lastly is free spirited student Rancho who studies engineering for his passion of inventing machines. These three future engineers make problem on and on in school, so the principal became to call the 3 Idiots.

    The film released in 2009 and became the highest box office revenue in India. Also, became the one of the Indian film to succeed in world wide such as China and Japan. The movie got 16 awards like National Film Award which is the greatest film awards in India, International India Film Awards, Star screen awards and moreover, it was awarded from the 37th edition of the Japan Academy Prize as Outstanding Foreign Movies.


  21. I think modern cinema has kind of ground to a halt in terms of progress. I feel like all the major films being made and advertised today are remakes or sequels. Like, It, which is based on an older book by Stephen King which I don’t think ever got a movie, even that is still kind of a remake. And Trainspotting 2, or SLC Punk 2, both of the original ones are more cult-ish movies and even they got remakes, and not by a major studio. So where’s the originality? It seems like such a low effort cash grab. Like the Star Wars movies, too, they KNOW the fans will go see those even if they make a thousand facebook posts about how bad they are, and there’s tons of merchandise all over the place, stuff like that. It’s playing on nostalgia, because they know we’ll come to the theater for that but maybe not for something else. But it sucks because nothing new is going on. I think movies might be dead. Nobody wants to watch them anymore because it’s comfier and easier and cheaper to be at home. All the movies made now just seem like a sad kind of last gasp by the industry to scrape some money out the bottom of the consumerist barrel. What a bummer!


  22. I want to write a little about fringe film because I think this is a very hot topic. Netflix and Amazon are creating so many original films and TV shows and I think this is a new wave that has a strong influence on the filmmaking industry.
    I recently read an article about Netflix wiling to release their original films in theaters. However, they are still releasing it inline on their streaming sites first. Aside from Netflix, other big streaming platforms such as Amazon and Hulu are creating their own original films. Amazon has already created some very successful films such as “Manchester by the sea” and “chi raq” and released it in theaters.
    I was very surprised by the respond Netflix gave when asked about why they still choose to release their films on their streaming site in adverse when it damages the decision gave at the Oscars.
    Since our members are funding these films, they should be the first to see them. But we are also open to supporting the large theater chains, such as AMC and Regal in the US, if they want to offer our films, such as our upcoming Will Smith film Bright, in theatres simultaneous to Netflix. Let consumers choose.
    Although it is not a definite no, you can see how they are still choosing to wait and see instead of jumping into the traditional film industry and directly competing with mainstream film studios.
    What will happen if these streaming sites start gaining more popularity than the films screened at the theaters? I know they already have their way to book good and famous actors in their films and have a large user base on their streaming sites who will likely be more approachable than the normal audience who come to the theaters to watch a film. I am very curious because at this point, people are shifting towards watching movies at their home on streaming sites rather than heading to the movie theater. The perk of going to a movie theater is of course the choice for the newest films, but do you think there will come a time where you can watch all new films on streaming sites?
    Another interesting topic is the decline of classic films on streaming sites. Specifically for Netflix, as of September 2017, it offers only 43 movies before 1970, and less than 25 from the 1950s.they are dropping the number of classic films every year and many concerns are coming from film professors and historians. They are mostly worried that the classic film may jus die out and fade away from this focus on mainstream and contemporary movies. I think so too that as more and more people are getting used to streaming sites and the users are growing, people will have less and less opportunity to interact with classical film. I think even if people would not exactly choose to watch it, having the choice on the platforms is at least one way to protect the films from completely being gone from the young audiences. If it is not on the streaming sites, I feel like it is the same as not existing for young people.
    I found an interesting streaming site called “Shudder” that only features horror films. It is created by AMC network and relatively new with its establishment in 2015. I feel like this may be a good idea for the classical films which have been vanishing from the internet base. The hard part of running a small streaming site with a specific genre concentration is how to get streaming rights on films not offered in mainstreaming sites and separate themselves from it.
    For now, it is streaming platforms that are threating and bringing influence on the film and media industry, but who knows what we will have in the next few decades? I am excited to know how the industry will keep evolving and all the other trends on film content for the future years!


  23. American movies are widely watched by different diversities having genres and types such as action, drama, thriller, animation, horror, comedy, adventure documentaries and movie sports. They are among the leading popularly watches as Hollywood movies. Hollywood is the major production centre for American movies. Cinema is a technical narrative style characteristic of the film. U.S cinema has invested widely on this. Being a modern invention cinema has evolved with modern complexities of the world which are illuminated. The U.S cinema is seen to be generating a lot of income from both America and outside continent. Despite generating this high income, it is worth it with the productions being of a great quality which is yet to be advanced in future. Many of us always question the high prices imposed on this film both in the movie show centres and while buying this film. US cinema has kept both topical and artistic variety this is because it is next to be clear on this critical matter. First, it is topical in nature because it adheres to the topic by following parameters and the theme of the movie. It adheres to topics based on the book for example freedom, based on events both occurring and previous. By being topical it tries to bring to the audience a clear definition and direction of the stated movie name. for example, if a movie name is an innocent proposal it will be clear on how innocent things will be and make sure there is a proposal in the end. It has several topics that relate to the environment and are always unique thus has topical variety. Being artistic in nature refers to the movie adhering to the recommended plots and gearing towards escapism and entertainment. These movies define different emotions and feelings in one movie or episode. They always capture the mind of the viewer and makes one glued to the screen. The U.S cinema has this captivating nature of movies that makes them artistic. They always have a unique way of acting and have fictions in it. To be precise the story developers are always creative and intelligent enough to convince the audience to watch more from U.S cinema. They follow the recommended plot, introduction, body and problems with solutions and always the end. American movies are popular thus the producers aim at improving the current state of the movies. We expect future movies from America to be characterised by; more grips with contemporary ideas and problems in our day to day lives. The public is perhaps tired of over piped dreams that are warm and now want stuff that is full of reality. The movies we see some of them are always away from trouble. They will be more artistic in nature that will increase the willingness to cater more activity of non-domestic audience with domestic production so sustain their success overseas and guarantee it. There will be the rise in quality thus increase the purchasing price. Production costs are to be incurred with the increasing production quality thus it will still generate its income as we all like quality. Also on production, there will be a rise in independent producers who will have learnt more techniques from group production and now want to be independent. The movies produced will be equal globally trying to cater for other countries preference. They will be organic stories that different audience will be okay with it globally. Generally, in future, we will have more quality American movies incorporating most of the movie stars thus the purchasing price might be increased. We hope for the best from American movies years to come with the rapidly developing technology characterised by the good internet and other facilities.


  24. There’s plenty of things I do not like about modern cinema. For one the over use of CGI versus practical effects is really a shame, practical effects honestly should be another tool in a studio’s toolbox, but instead we normally get a big action fest with very little depth and CGI puppets being smashed together like action figures, I’m looking at you Transformers. I’m not going to to hark on the CGI argument to much since I’ve already went into a bit elsewhere but I did bring up The Thing from 1982 which in itself is a remake of an older film, but then there’s the more modern remake. I believe they were going to try to go the practical effects route but for some reason or another it became another CGI fest, and on top of that it’s just not a very good movie in general. But that brings me to another point, a lot of movies today are either remakes of older films, a reboot of an older franchise, or an adaptation of some other medium. Hollywood certainly does seem to have run out of ideas for original movies. The 80s in general I think were fantastic in this regard, like what happens to be probably my favorite movie of all time, the original Ghost Busters. Here we are in 2017 and I believe it was just last year the Ghost Busters were remade, and remade in the worst way imaginable I might add, I refuse to watch that movie but the trailer and the word of mouth from my friends telling me about the movie was more than enough to let me know that it’s a big steaming pile. Not because it stars all women, that whole feminist outrage in regards to the movie trailer being bashed heavily on the internet was really just deflecting the fact that the movie looked terrible and was/is a huge slap into the face to fans of the franchise. The original Ghostbusters was cleverly written comedy with serious undertones, legitimately serious moments and so many details that play into why that movie is great that I could make this whole entry about Ghost Busters but I won’t. Hollywood is clearly looking for ideas these days, when they’ll take something as simple as a title for a board game like Battleship and turn it into a big budget movie. There’s even going to be a tetris movie, who knows how that will play out but it sure isn’t going to give video game adaptations any better of a wrap. Now the big thing in modern cinema seems to be taking a franchise and trying to turn it into some sort of Universe. Marvel has definitely changed the way Hollywood is thinking about movie. But that trend might change since other studios haven’t really been successful in their attempts to boot up their own universe. Universal tried to get a universe going with The Mummy but has since been canned after that movie was a huge flop, it seems the movie has some similar problems to what DC films and their universe has, which is they’re are trying to play catch up to fast with Marvel. Although the DC films have many issues, like the all the quick cuts, poorly written plots, dialogue, and lack of character development.But I digress, the films seem to all try to build up their universe in only a few short movies. Where Marvel has spanned probably over a decade at this point building up their characters with their own individual movies only to then bring them all together for an even bigger event. That’s not to say Marvel films aren’t without their problems, I think their issues get overlooked more than they should being a fan of the comics, their not all that great when adapting the source material and they’ve done a really bad job at recreating any interesting villains.


  25. This was a very interesting breakout session. To begin with, the professor explained about keywords, which are high concept and low concept. The high concept is based on an idea that people can understand easily in a few sentences. For example, the E.T, Close Encounters, and A.I was about the alien movies, and you can understand easily by watching posters. When I saw the first posters of them, I already recognized it. I could catch some ideas of what the movie is about even though I just looking at the posters. Also, I could understand not only about alien but also alien will come to the earth. The designs of the posters also good. The E.T, Close Encounters, and A.I used similar colors and pictures, which help audiences to get the same kind of impression. Also, the Jurassic Park and Jaws’s posters are the really good example of the high concept because audiences can understand what the movie is about at the first glance even children. It is an effective and good way to get and attract audiences to watch the film. On the other hand, the low concept is difficult to understand the contents by just looking. There were always mystery pictures, words, color, and objects in the posters. I searched about the low concept movie poster on Google, and I found a good example, which is The Silence of the Lambs’s poster. When I found the poster, I was attracted by the vivid poster even though the poster is creepy and weird, but I could not get any information from the poster. I thought that popular and successful movies tend to be the high concept movies, and it is true, but I cannot say it is always true.

    Also, it was an interesting topic, which we looked at the different examples of remakes, sequels, prequels, homage adaptation, reboot, and spin-offs films. For the adaptation, Robin Hood’s films were really interesting because there are various types of Robin Hood’s adaptation film, such as live action, animation, and animal.

    I surprised that there are sequels and three spin-offs of the series of X-men. It was quite interesting how these films are still being made over and over again. The professor told us that the X-men did not have other stories originally, what this means is there were no sequel stories. However, the original X-men movie succeeds and got high popular, so they decided to make sequels and spin-offs stories. I thought that this is a really good way of business in the movie industry because filmmakers can reduce the risk of failing.

    I like the Avengers, which is from Marvel comics, but I thought that their way of business is kind of dishonest for me. They introduced the crossover to create popular films, and they produced a lot of sequels stories of crossover because they already knew that they will not fail. Each character in the Avengers are really popular, and they have their own strong fans. Therefore, the Marvel comics and movies’ fun cannot miss the crossover films. It is quite good and sufficient way to get audiences.

    The keyword, homage was the first time for me until I have learned in class. I was surprised that the concept of homage is acceptable because I thought that the homage means is copying or stealing contents or idea from other films, but it was my misunderstanding. “I steal from every single movie ever made. If my work has anything, it’s that I’m taking this from this and that from that and mixing them
    together” (Tarantino). The professor taught the quote, which is from the famous film director, Tarantino. The quote was really fun and interesting for me because I thought that he was the great idea man, and has a lot of plot in his head. Honestly, I was disappointed to him, but at the same time, I feel comfortable because I realized that he is kind of normal human as we.


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